Vermiculture means artificial rearing or cultivation of worms (Earthworms) and the technology is the scientific process of using them for the betterment of human beings. Vermicomposting is the excreta of earthworm, which is rich in humus. Earthworms eat cow dung or farm yard manure along with other farm wastes and pass it through their body and in the process convert it into vermicomposting. The municipal wastes; non-toxic solid and liquid waste of the industries and household garbage’s can also be converted into vermicomposting in the same manner. Earthworms not only convert garbage into valuable manure but keep the environment healthy. Conversion of garbage by earthworms into compost and the multiplication of earthworms are simple process and can be easily handled by the farmers.

Method of preparation of Vermicomposting Large Scale :-

A  thatched roof shed preferably open from all sides with unpaved(katcha) floor is erected in East-West direction length wise to protect the site from direct sunlight. A shed area of 12’X12’ is sufficient to accommodate three vermibeds of 10’X3’ each having 1’ space in between for treatment of 9-12 quintals of waste in a cycle of 40-45 days. The length of shed can be increased/decreased depending upon the quantity of waste to be treated and availability of space. The height of thatched roof is kept at 8 feet from the centre and 6 feet from the sides. The base of the site is raised atleast 6 inches above ground to protect it from flooding during the rains. The vermibeds are laid over the raised ground as per the procedure given below.

            The site marked for vermibeds on the raised ground is watered and a 4”-6” layer of any slowly biodegradable agricultural residue such as dried leaves/straw/sugarcane trash etc. is laid over it after soaking with water. This is followed by 1” layer of Vermicompost or farm yard manure.

Earthworms are released on each vermibed at the following rates :

For treatment of cowdung/agriwaste : 1.0 kg. per

For treatment of household garbage : 1.5 kg. per

The frequency and limits of loading the waste can vary as below depending upon the convenience of the user

Frequency               Loading
Daily2″ /bed/day
In Bulk12-15″(3-4q/bed/cycle of 45 days)

            The loaded waste is finally covered with a Jute Mat to protect earthworms from birds and insects. Water is sprinkled on the vermi-beds daily according to requirement and season to keep them moist. The waste is turned upside down fortnightly without disturbing the basal layer (vermi-bed).The appearance of black granular crumbly powder on top of vermi-beds indicate harvest stage of the compost. Watering is stopped for at least 5 days at this stage. The earthworms go down and the compost is collected from the top without disturbing the lower layers (vermi-bed). The first lot of Vermicomposting is ready for harvesting after 2-2 ½ months and the subsequent lots can be harvested after every 6 weeks of loading. The vermibed is loaded for the next treatment cycle. 

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